Sign on

SAO/NASA ADS Astronomy Abstract Service


· Find Similar Abstracts (with default settings below)
· Electronic Refereed Journal Article (HTML)
· Full Refereed Journal Article (PDF/Postscript)
· arXiv e-print (arXiv:0812.0326)
· References in the article
· Citations to the Article (53) (Citation History)
· Refereed Citations to the Article
· SIMBAD Objects (1)
· Also-Read Articles (Reads History)
·
· Translate This Page
Title:
Giants in the globular cluster omega Centauri: dust production, mass-loss and distance
Authors:
McDonald, Iain; van Loon, Jacco Th.; Decin, Leen; Boyer, Martha L.; Dupree, Andrea K.; Evans, Aneurin; Gehrz, Robert D.; Woodward, Charles E.
Affiliation:
AA(Astrophysics Group, School of Physical & Geographical Sciences, Keele University, Staffordshire ST5 5BG), AB(Astrophysics Group, School of Physical & Geographical Sciences, Keele University, Staffordshire ST5 5BG), AC(Department of Physics and Astronomy, Institute for Astronomy, K. U. Leuven, Celestijnenlaan 200B, 3001 Leuven, Belgium), AD(Department of Astronomy, 116 Church Street SE, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA), AE(Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA), AF(Astrophysics Group, School of Physical & Geographical Sciences, Keele University, Staffordshire ST5 5BG), AG(Department of Astronomy, 116 Church Street SE, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA), AH(Department of Astronomy, 116 Church Street SE, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA)
Publication:
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Volume 394, Issue 2, pp. 831-856. (MNRAS Homepage)
Publication Date:
04/2009
Origin:
MNRAS
Astronomy Keywords:
stars: AGB and post-AGB , circumstellar matter , stars: mass-loss , stars: winds, outflows , globular clusters: individual: omega Centauri , infrared: stars
DOI:
10.1111/j.1365-2966.2008.14370.x
Bibliographic Code:
2009MNRAS.394..831M

Abstract

We present spectral energy distribution modelling of 6875 stars in omega Centauri, obtaining stellar luminosities and temperatures by fitting literature photometry to state-of-the-art MARCS stellar models. By comparison to four different sets of isochrones, we provide a new distance estimate to the cluster of 4850 +/- 200 (random error) +/- 120 (systematic error) pc, a reddening of E(B - V) = 0.08 +/- 0.02 (random) +/- 0.02 (systematic) mag and a differential reddening of DeltaE(B - V) < 0.02 mag for an age of 12 Gyr. Several new post-early-AGB candidates are also found. Infrared excesses of stars were used to measure total mass-loss rates for individual stars down to ~7 × 10-8Msolar yr-1. We find a total dust mass-loss rate from the cluster of 1.3 +/-0.80.5 × 10-9Msolaryr-1, with the total gas mass-loss rate being > 1.2 +/- 0.60.5 × 10-6Msolaryr-1. Half of the cluster's dust production and 30 per cent of its gas production comes from the two most extreme stars - V6 and V42 - for which we present new Gemini/T-ReCS mid-infrared spectroscopy, possibly showing that V42 has carbon-rich dust. The cluster's dust temperatures are found to be typically >~550 K. Mass-loss apparently does not vary significantly with metallicity within the cluster, but shows some correlation with barium enhancement, which appears to occur in cooler stars, and especially on the anomalous RGB. Limits to outflow velocities, dust-to-gas ratios for the dusty objects and the possibility of short-time-scale mass-loss variability are also discussed in the context of mass-loss from low-metallicity stars. The ubiquity of dust around stars near the RGB tip suggests significant dusty mass-loss on the RGB; we estimate that typically 0.20-0.25Msolar of mass-loss occurs on the RGB. From observational limits on intracluster material, we suggest the dust is being cleared on a time-scale of <~105 yr.
Bibtex entry for this abstract   Preferred format for this abstract (see Preferences)

  New!

Find Similar Abstracts:

Use: Authors
Title
Keywords (in text query field)
Abstract Text
Return: Query Results Return    items starting with number
Query Form
Database: Astronomy
Physics
arXiv e-prints