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Title:
High dispersion spectroscopy of solar-type superflare stars. I. Temperature, surface gravity, metallicity, and vsin i
Authors:
Notsu, Yuta; Honda, Satoshi; Maehara, Hiroyuki; Notsu, Shota; Shibayama, Takuya; Nogami, Daisaku; Shibata, Kazunari
Affiliation:
AA(Department of Astronomy, Kyoto University, Kitashirakawa-Oiwake-cho, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, Kyoto 606-8502, Japan; Present address: National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 2-21-1 Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588.), AB(Center for Astronomy, University of Hyogo, 407-2 Nishigaichi, Sayo-cho, Sayo, Hyogo 679-5313, Japan), AC(Kiso Observatory, Institute of Astronomy, School of Science, The University of Tokyo, 10762-30 Mitake, Kiso-machi, Kiso-gun, Nagano 397-0101, Japan; Okayama Astrophysical Observatory, National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 3037-5 Honjo, Kamogata, Asakuchi, Okayama 719-0232, Japan), AD(Department of Astronomy, Kyoto University, Kitashirakawa-Oiwake-cho, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, Kyoto 606-8502, Japan), AE(Solar-Terrestrial Environment Laboratory, Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya, Aichi 464-8601, Japan), AF(Department of Astronomy, Kyoto University, Kitashirakawa-Oiwake-cho, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, Kyoto 606-8502, Japan; Kwasan and Hida Observatories, Kyoto University, Yamashina-ku, Kyoto, Kyoto 607-8471, Japan), AG(Kwasan and Hida Observatories, Kyoto University, Yamashina-ku, Kyoto, Kyoto 607-8471, Japan)
Publication:
Publications of the Astronomical Society of Japan, Volume 67, Issue 3, id.3224 pp. (OUP Homepage)
Publication Date:
06/2015
Origin:
OUP
Astronomy Keywords:
stars: abundances, stars: activity, stars: flare, stars: rotation, stars: solar-type
Abstract Copyright:
The Author 2015. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Astronomical Society of Japan. All rights reserved.
DOI:
10.1093/pasj/psv001
Bibliographic Code:
2015PASJ...67...32N

Abstract

We conducted high-dispersion spectroscopic observations of 50 superflare stars with Subaru High Dispersion Spectrograph (HDS), and measured the stellar parameters of them. These 50 targets were selected from the solar-type (G-type main sequence) superflare stars that we had discovered from the Kepler photometric data. As a result of these spectroscopic observations, we found that more than half (34) of our 50 targets have no evidence of binary systems. We then estimated the effective temperature (Teff), surface gravity (log g), metallicity ([Fe/H]), and projected rotational velocity (vsin i) of these 34 superflare stars on the basis of our spectroscopic data. The accuracy of our estimations is higher than that of the Kepler Input Catalog (KIC) values, and the differences between our values and KIC values [(DeltaTeff)rms ˜ 219 K, (Deltalog g)rms ˜ 0.37 dex, and (Delta[Fe/H])rms ˜ 0.46 dex] are comparable to the large uncertainties and systematic differences of KIC values reported by the previous researchers. We confirmed that the estimated Teff and log g values of the 34 superflare stars are roughly in the range of solar-type stars. In particular, these parameters and the brightness variation period (P0) of nine of the stars are in the range of "Sun-like" stars (5600 <= Teff <= 6000 K, log g >= 4.0, and P0 > 10 d). Five of the 34 target stars are fast rotators (vsin i >= 10 km s-1), while 22 stars have relatively low vsin i values (vsin i < 5 km s-1). These results suggest that stars that have spectroscopic properties similar to the Sun can have superflares, and this supports the hypothesis that the Sun might cause a superflare.
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