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Title:
Clumpy dust rings around non-accreting young stars
Authors:
Scholz, Aleks; Natta, Antonella; Bozhinova, Inna; Petkova, Maya; Relles, Howard; Eislöffel, Jochen
Affiliation:
AA(SUPA, School of Physics & Astronomy, University of St Andrews, North Haugh, St Andrews KY169SS, UK), AB(Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies, 31 Fitzwilliam Place, Dublin 2, Ireland), AC(SUPA, School of Physics & Astronomy, University of St Andrews, North Haugh, St Andrews KY169SS, UK), AD(SUPA, School of Physics & Astronomy, University of St Andrews, North Haugh, St Andrews KY169SS, UK; Astronomisches Rechen-Institut, Zentrum für Astronomie der Universität Heidelberg, Mönchhofstrasse 12-14, D-69120 Heidelberg, Germany), AE(SUPA, School of Physics & Astronomy, University of St Andrews, North Haugh, St Andrews KY169SS, UK), AF(Thüringer Landessternwarte Tautenburg, Sternwarte 5, D-07778 Tautenburg, Germany)
Publication:
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Volume 484, Issue 3, p.4260-4272 (MNRAS Homepage)
Publication Date:
04/2019
Origin:
OUP
Astronomy Keywords:
occultations, planets and satellites: formation, protoplanetary discs, circumstellar matter, stars: pre-main-sequence, dust, extinction
Abstract Copyright:
2019 The Author(s) Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society
DOI:
10.1093/mnras/stz269
Bibliographic Code:
2019MNRAS.484.4260S

Abstract

We investigate four young, but non-accreting, very low mass stars in Orion, which show irregular eclipses by circumstellar dust. The eclipses are not recurring periodically, are variable in depth, lack a flat bottom, and their duration is comparable to the typical time-scale between eclipses. The dimming is associated with reddening consistent with dust extinction. Taken together this implies the presence of rings around these four stars, with radii ranging from 0.01 to 40 au, comprised of optically thin dust clouds. The stars also show infrared excess indicating the presence of evolved circumstellar discs, with orders of magnitude more material than needed for the eclipses. However, the rings need to cover an opening angle of about 20 deg to explain how common these variable stars are in the coeval population in the same region, which is more extended than a typical disc. Thus, we propose that the rings may not be part of the discs, but instead separate structures with larger scale heights. To be sustained over years, the rings need to be replenished by dust from the disc or gravitationally bound to an object (e.g. planets or planetesimals). These four stars belong to a growing and diverse class of post-T Tauri stars with dips or eclipses in their light curves. Dusty rings with scale heights exceeding those of discs may be a common phenomenon at stellar ages between 5 and 10 Myr, in the transition from accretion discs to debris discs. These structures could be caused by migrating planets and may be signposts for the presence of young planetary systems.
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