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Title:
Transiting exoplanet candidates from K2 Campaigns 5 and 6
Authors:
Pope, Benjamin J. S.; Parviainen, Hannu; Aigrain, Suzanne
Affiliation:
AA(Oxford Astrophysics, University of Oxford, Denys Wilkinson Building, Keble Rd, Oxford OX1 3RH, UK ), AB(Oxford Astrophysics, University of Oxford, Denys Wilkinson Building, Keble Rd, Oxford OX1 3RH, UK), AC(Oxford Astrophysics, University of Oxford, Denys Wilkinson Building, Keble Rd, Oxford OX1 3RH, UK)
Publication:
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Volume 461, Issue 4, p.3399-3409 (MNRAS Homepage)
Publication Date:
10/2016
Origin:
CROSSREF; OUP
Astronomy Keywords:
techniques: photometric, planetary systems, stars: variables: general
Abstract Copyright:
2016 The Authors Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society
DOI:
10.1093/mnras/stw1373
Bibliographic Code:
2016MNRAS.461.3399P

Abstract

We introduce a new transit search and vetting pipeline for observations from the K2 mission, and present the candidate transiting planets identified by this pipeline out of the targets in Campaigns 5 and 6. Our pipeline uses the Gaussian process-based K2SC code to correct for the K2 pointing systematics and simultaneously model stellar variability. The systematics-corrected, variability-detrended light curves are searched for transits with the box-least-squares method, and a period-dependent detection threshold is used to generate a preliminary candidate list. Two or three individuals vet each candidate manually to produce the final candidate list, using a set of automatically generated transit fits and assorted diagnostic tests to inform the vetting. We detect 145 single-planet system candidates and 5 multi-planet systems, independently recovering the previously published hot Jupiters EPIC 212110888b, WASP-55b (EPIC 212300977b) and Qatar-2b (EPIC 212756297b). We also report the outcome of reconnaissance spectroscopy carried out for all candidates with Kepler magnitude Kp <= 13, identifying 12 targets as likely false positives. We compare our results to those of other K2 transit search pipelines, noting that ours performs particularly well for variable and/or active stars, but that the results are very similar overall. All the light curves and code used in the transit search and vetting process are publicly available, as are the follow-up spectra.

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