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Title:
Flux density variations of radio sources in M82 over the last three decades
Authors:
Gendre, M. A.; Fenech, D. M.; Beswick, R. J.; Muxlow, T. W. B.; Argo, M. K.
Affiliation:
AA(Jodrell Bank Center for Astrophysics, The University of Manchester, Oxford Rd, Manchester M13 9PL, UK; ), AB(Department of Physics and Astronomy, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, UK), AC(Jodrell Bank Center for Astrophysics, The University of Manchester, Oxford Rd, Manchester M13 9PL, UK), AD(Jodrell Bank Center for Astrophysics, The University of Manchester, Oxford Rd, Manchester M13 9PL, UK), AE(Jodrell Bank Center for Astrophysics, The University of Manchester, Oxford Rd, Manchester M13 9PL, UK; Netherlands Institute for Radio Astronomy (ASTRON), Postbus 2, NL-7990 AA Dwingeloo, the Netherlands)
Publication:
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Volume 431, Issue 2, p.1107-1120 (MNRAS Homepage)
Publication Date:
05/2013
Origin:
OUP
Astronomy Keywords:
galaxies: individual: M82, galaxies: starburst, radio continuum: galaxies
Abstract Copyright:
2013 The Authors Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society
DOI:
10.1093/mnras/stt231
Bibliographic Code:
2013MNRAS.431.1107G

Abstract

This paper presents the results of the 2009-2010 monitoring sessions of the starburst galaxy M82, obtained with the Multi-Element Radio-Linked Interferometer Network (MERLIN) at 5 GHz and e-MERLIN at 6 GHz. Combining several 5 GHz MERLIN epochs to form a map with 33.0 muJy bm-1 noise level, 52 discrete sources, mostly supernova remnants and H II regions, are identified. These include three objects which were not detected in the 2002 5 GHz MERLIN monitoring session: supernova SN2008iz, the transient source 43.78+59.3, and a new supernova remnant shell. Flux density variations, in the long (1981 to 2010), medium (2002 to 2010) and short (2009 to 2010) term are investigated. We find that flux densities of supernova remnants (SNRs) in M82 stay constant in most of the sample (˜95 per cent), although the distributions of flux density variations show an offset from zero. This is consistent with a slight statistical reduction in flux density of the source distribution. In addition, aside from SN2008iz and the well-known variable source 41.95+57.5, two sources display tentative evidence for short- and medium-term variations over the period 2009-2010. These sources are amongst the most compact SNR in M82. These flux density variations could be due to changes in the circumstellar and interstellar medium in which the shocks travel.

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