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Einstein imaging observations of clusters with a bimodal mass distribution
Forman, W.; Bechtold, J.; Blair, W.; Giacconi, R.; van Speybroeck, L.; Jones, C.
AA(Havard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, Mass.), AB(Havard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, Mass.), AC(Havard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, Mass.), AD(Havard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, Mass.), AE(Havard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, Mass.), AF(Havard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, Mass.)
Astrophysical Journal, Part 2 - Letters to the Editor, vol. 243, Feb. 1, 1981, p. L133-L136. (ApJL Homepage)
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NASA/STI Keywords:
Galactic Clusters, Galactic Evolution, Mass Distribution, X Ray Astronomy, Density Distribution, Proportional Counters, Radial Distribution
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Einstein imaging observations of four X-ray clusters of galaxies characterized by a double X-ray surface brightness and thus mass distribution are presented. The clusters A98, A115, A1750 and SC 0627-54 were found to exhibit two enhancements in their X-ray surface brightness distributions in observations made with the Einstein Imaging Proportional Counter. Calculations of the probability that the clusters represent chance superpositions indicate that the double clusters are physically associated. The radial distributions of the components are inconsistent with those of single point sources, and have been used to derive cluster luminosities which are typical of rich clusters. Masses of the subclusters are also found to be typical of bound and virialized clusters with gas contributing 10%. Within the framework of the hierarchical theory of galactic clustering, the double clusters are suggested to represent an intermediate evolutionary stage before the merger of subclusters into a relaxed Coma-type cluster.

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