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Hydrogen over helium enhancement in successive solar flare particle events from the same active region [ Erratum: 1979ApJ...232L..77B ]
Briggs, P. R.; Armstrong, T. P.; Krimigis, S. M.
AA(Kansas, University, Lawrence, Kan.), AB(Kansas, University, Lawrence, Kan.), AC(Johns Hopkins University, Laurel, Md.)
Astrophysical Journal, Part 2 - Letters to the Editor, vol. 228, Mar. 1, 1979, p. L83-L87. (ApJL Homepage)
Publication Date:
Solar Physics
NASA/STI Keywords:
Alpha Particles, Satellite Observation, Solar Activity Effects, Solar Corpuscular Radiation, Solar Flares, Solar Protons, Helium, Hydrogen, Mass Ratios, Plasma Composition, Solar Wind
Bibliographic Code:


An analysis of all of the identified solar-flare-associated energetic particle events in the 1972-1975 period observed with instruments aboard the IMP 7 and IMP 8 satellites has revealed at least eight occasions when more than one particle-producing flare occurred within the same McMath active plage region during its transit of the visible solar disk. A strong tendency for second flares to produce hydrogen over helium (p/alpha) enhanced energetic particle fluxes when compared with the first flare in the 1.8-10.0 MeV per nucleon range emerged in these multiflare regions. The p/alpha enhancement is apparently transient, and for flares separated by at least about 100 hours the p/alpha ratio tends toward its preflare value. It is suggested that the substrate plasma in an active region may be enriched prior to a flare in elements heavier than hydrogen and the composition may not be significantly altered during subsequent acceleration, escape, and propagation. Thus, the preflare history of the active region must be added to the list of factors influencing observed solar-particle-event composition.

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