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Title:
Updated Opal Opacities
Authors:
Iglesias, Carlos A.; Rogers, Forrest J.
Publication:
Astrophysical Journal v.464, p.943 (ApJ Homepage)
Publication Date:
06/1996
Origin:
APJ
Astronomy Keywords:
ATOMIC DATA, ATOMIC PROCESSES, STARS: INTERIORS
DOI:
10.1086/177381
Bibliographic Code:
1996ApJ...464..943I

Abstract

The reexamination of astrophysical opacities has eliminated gross discrepancies between a variety of observations and theoretical calculations; thus allowing for more detailed tests of stellar models. A number of such studies indicate that model results are sensitive to modest changes in the opacity. Consequently, it is desirable to update available opacity databases with recent improvements in physics, refinements of element abundance, and other such factors affecting the results.

Updated OPAL Rosseland mean opacities are presented. The new results have incorporated improvements in the physics and numerical procedures as well as corrections. The main opacity changes are increases of as much as 20% for Population I stars due to the explicit inclusion of 19 metals (compared to 12 metals in the earlier calculations) with the other modifications introducing opacity changes smaller than 10%. In addition, the temperature and density range covered by the updated opacity tables has been extended. As before, the tables allow accurate interpolation in density and temperature as well as hydrogen, helium, carbon, oxygen, and metal mass fractions. Although a specific metal composition is emphasized, opacity tables for different metal distributions can be made readily available. The updated opacities are compared to other work.


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