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Title:
Dynamo-generated Turbulence and Large-Scale Magnetic Fields in a Keplerian Shear Flow
Authors:
Brandenburg, Axel; Nordlund, Ake; Stein, Robert F.; Torkelsson, Ulf
Publication:
Astrophysical Journal v.446, p.741 (ApJ Homepage)
Publication Date:
06/1995
Origin:
APJ; KNUDSEN
Astronomy Keywords:
ACCRETION, ACCRETION DISKS, MAGNETOHYDRODYNAMICS: MHD, SHOCK WAVES, TURBULENCE
DOI:
10.1086/175831
Bibliographic Code:
1995ApJ...446..741B

Abstract

The nonlinear evolution of magnetized Keplerian shear flows is simulated in a local, three-dimensional model, including the effects of compressibility and stratification. Supersonic flows are initially generated by the Balbus-Hawley magnetic shear instability. The resulting flows regenerate a turbulent magnetic field which, in turn, reinforces the turbulence. Thus, the system acts like a dynamo that generates its own turbulence. However, unlike usual dynamos, the magnetic energy exceeds the kinetic energy of the turbulence by a factor of 3-10. By assuming the field to be vertical on the outer (upper and lower) surfaces we do not constrain the horizontal magnetic flux. Indeed, a large-scale toroidal magnetic field is generated, mostly in the form of toroidal flux tubes with lengths comparable to the toroidal extent of the box. This large-scale field is mainly of even (i.e., quadrupolar) parity with respect to the midplane and changes direction on a timescale of ˜30 orbits, in a possibly cyclic manner. The effective Shakura-Sunyaev alpha viscosity parameter is between 0.001 and 0.005, and the contribution from the Maxwell stress is ˜3-7 times larger than the contribution from the Reynolds stress.

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