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Morphology of the interstellar cooling lines detected by COBE
Bennett, C. L.; Fixsen, D. J.; Hinshaw, G.; Mather, J. C.; Moseley, S. H.; Wright, E. L.; Eplee, R. E., Jr.; Gales, J.; Hewagama, T.; Isaacman, R. B.; Shafer, R. A.; Turpie, K.
AA(NASA. Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD, US), AB(NASA. Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD, US), AC(NASA. Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD, US), AD(NASA. Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD, US), AE(NASA. Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD, US), AF(NASA. Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD, US), AG(NASA. Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD, US), AH(NASA. Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD, US), AI(NASA. Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD, US), AJ(NASA. Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD, US)
Astrophysical Journal, Part 1 (ISSN 0004-637X), vol. 434, no. 2, p. 587-598 (ApJ Homepage)
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NASA/STI Keywords:
Carbon, Carbon Monoxide, Emission Spectra, Hydrogen, Infrared Astronomy, Interstellar Matter, Milky Way Galaxy, Morphology, Nitrogen, Sky Surveys (Astronomy), Ultraviolet Radiation, Cosmic Background Explorer Satellite, Fine Structure, Fourier Transformation, Infrared Spectrophotometers, Michelson Interferometers, Photodissociation, Photoionization
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The Far-Infrared Absolute Spectrophotometer (FIRAS) on the COBE satellite has conducted an unbiased survey of the far-infrared emission from our Galaxy. The first results of this survey were reported by Wright et al. (1991). We report the results of new analyses of this spectral survey, which includes emission lines from 158 micrometer C(+), 122 and 205 micrometer N(+), 370 and 609 micrometer C(0), and CO J = 2 goes to 1 through J = 5 goes to 4. We report the morphological distribution along the Galactic plane (b = 0 deg) of the spectral line emission, and the high Galactic latitude intensities of the C(+) and 205 micrometer N(+) emission. In the Galactic plane the 205 micrometer line of N(+) generally follows the 158 micrometer C(+) line distribution, but the intensities scale as I(N(+) 205 micrometer) varies as I(C(+) 158 micrometer)1.5 toward the inner Galaxy. The high Galactic latitude intensity of the 158 micrometer fine-structure transition from C(+) is I(C(+) 158 micrometer) = (1.43 +/- 0.12) x 10-6 csc (absolute value of b) ergs/sq cm s sr for absolute value of b greater than 15 deg, and it decreases more rapidly than the far-infrared intensity with increasing Galactic latitude. C(+) and neutral atomic hydrogen emission are closely correlated with a C(+) cooling rate of (2.65 +/- 0.15) x 10-26 ergs/s. We conclude that this emission arises almost entirely from the cold neutral medium. The high Galactic latitude intensity of the 205 micrometer fine-structure transition from N(+) is I(N(+) 205 micrometer) = (4 +/- 1) x 10-8 csc (absolute value of b) ergs/((sq cm)(s)(sr)) arising entirely from the warm ionized medium. We estimate the total ionizing photon rate in the Galaxy to be phi = 3.5 x 1053 ionizing photons per second, based on the 205 micrometer N(+) transition.

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