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Title:
The Weak s-Component and Nucleosynthesis in Massive Stars
Authors:
Raiteri, C. M.; Gallino, R.; Busso, M.; Neuberger, D.; Kaeppeler, F.
Publication:
Astrophysical Journal v.419, p.207 (ApJ Homepage)
Publication Date:
12/1993
Origin:
APJ; KNUDSEN
Astronomy Keywords:
NUCLEAR REACTIONS, NUCLEOSYNTHESIS, ABUNDANCES, STARS: EARLY-TYPE, STARS: INTERIORS
DOI:
10.1086/173476
Bibliographic Code:
1993ApJ...419..207R

Abstract

The difficulties of the phenomenological analysis of the weak s-component and the need for a comparison with the astrophysical picture are discussed. New results of s-process calculations in massive stars during both core He and shell C burning are presented. They are obtained after adopting an updated nuclear network, which includes the deviation from the 1/upsilo trends of neutron capture cross sections, as well as an extrapolation of beta decay rates to the high temperatures characterizing carbon burning. For a complete discussion of the branching at 85Kr, we additionally present a new measurement of the 87Rb neutron capture cross section. The reproduction of the weak component by successive stellar generations is investigated through a global check which takes into account the interference of the main component in the atomic mass range from Fe to Sr. Consequently, the results of s-processing in low-mass stars during the thermally pulsing asymptotic giant branch phase are also considered, starting from the same set of revised nuclear parameters. A satisfactory match of the solar s-abundances is reached, where the problem of the 86Kr overproduction by the main component is overcome by varying the <sigman,gamma> of 84,85,86Kr inside their present uncertainties, and by considering an additional contribution to <sigman,gamma> (86Kr) at low temperature by direct captures or undetected resonances. A detailed analysis of the neutron flow at branchings and at bottleneck points is performed, stressing the analogies and differences between the phenomenological and astrophysical picture.

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