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The fundamental parameters of the chromospherically active K2 dwarf Epsilon Eridani
Drake, Jeremy J.; Smith, Geoffrey
AA(Oxford Univ., United Kingdom; Texas Univ., Austin; California Univ., Berkeley), AB(Oxford Univ., United Kingdom)
Astrophysical Journal, Part 1 (ISSN 0004-637X), vol. 412, no. 2, p. 797-809. (ApJ Homepage)
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NASA/STI Keywords:
Chromosphere, Dwarf Stars, Stellar Activity, Stellar Physics, Late Stars, Metallicity, Stellar Composition, Stellar Temperature
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A silicon array detector was used to record regions exhibiting calcium and iron lines in the spectrum of the chromospherically active K2 dwarf Epsilon Eri at a resolution of 120,000 and with an SNR of not less than 200. The effective temperature, surface gravity, logarithmic iron and calcium abundances, and microturbulence are determined. Three high-excitation lines of Fe I were found to yield anomalously low iron abundances; it is postulated that the origin of the anomaly lies in the nonthermal excitation of the upper photosphere caused by chromospheric emission. It is shown that Epsilon Eri is in an evolutionary stage consistent with an M/solar mass of 0.85 theoretical zero-age main-sequence model. It is suggested that Epsilon Eri is almost certainly a young star of slightly less than one solar mass.

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