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Evidence for protostellar collapse in B335 [ Erratum: 1994ApJ...421..854Z ]
Zhou, Shudong; Evans, Neal J., II; Koempe, Carsten; Walmsley, C. M.
AA(Illinois Univ., Urbana), AB(Texas Univ., Austin), AC(Jena, Universitäts-Sternwarte, Germany), AD(Max-Planck-Inst. für Radioastronomie, Bonn, Germany)
Astrophysical Journal, Part 1 (ISSN 0004-637X), vol. 404, no. 1, p. 232-246. (ApJ Homepage)
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NASA/STI Keywords:
Globules, Gravitational Collapse, Protostars, Stellar Evolution, Absorption Spectra, Astronomical Models, Density Distribution, Formaldehyde, Line Spectra, Sulfides
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We have observed five rotational transitions of H2CO and CS toward the Bok globule, B335, with high spatial and spectral resolution. The characteristic shape of the observed profiles provides direct, kinematic evidence of collapse. In addition, we have modeled line profiles of collapsing dense cores with density and velocity structures taken from the theory of Shu and coworkers. Using the age of collapse as the only free parameter, we found that the strengths and profiles of the observed lines can be well fitted by the theoretical model. Our best-fit model gives an age of 1.5 x 10 exp 5 yr, corresponding to an infall radius of 0.04 pc and a total mass of 0.4 solar mass for the central star and disk. Outside the infall radius, there is a static envelope with a r exp -2 density distribution, an average temperature of 13 K, and a turbulent velocity (1/e width) of 0.12 km/s. The CS abundance is 3.6 x 10 exp -9 with about 30 percent uncertainty.

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