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Infrared spectroscopy of dense clouds in the C-H stretch region - Methanol and 'diamonds'
Allamandola, L. J.; Sandford, S. A.; Tielens, A. G. G. M.; Herbst, T. M.
AA(NASA, Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA), AB(NASA, Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA), AC(NASA, Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA), AD(Hawaii Univ., Honolulu)
Astrophysical Journal, Part 1 (ISSN 0004-637X), vol. 399, no. 1, p. 134-146. (ApJ Homepage)
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NASA/STI Keywords:
Hydrocarbons, Infrared Spectroscopy, Methyl Alcohol, Molecular Clouds, Protostars, Spectral Bands, Absorption Spectra, Astronomical Spectroscopy, Cosmic Dust, Interstellar Matter, Spectral Resolution
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The paper presents high spectral resolution studies in the 3100-2600/cm range of the protostars NGC 7538 IRS9, W33A, W3 IRS 5, and S140 IRS 1. Well-resolved absorption bands at about 2825/cm and 2880/cm were found superposed on the LF wing of the strong O-H stretch feature. The 2880/cm band, previously detected toward W33A, is also in the spectrum of NGC 7538 IRS 9. The relative strength of these two bands varies, showing that they are associated with two different carriers. The new band at about 2880/cm falls near the position of C-H stretching vibrations in tertiary carbon atoms. The strength of this feature, in combination with the lack of strong features associated with primary and secondary carbon atoms, suggests that the carrier of the new feature has a diamondlike structure. This new feature is tentatively attributed to interstellar 'diamonds'. The detection of this band in the spectra of all four dense molecular clouds suggests that the carrier is ubiquitous in dense clouds.

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