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Lithium depletion and rotation in main-sequence stars
Balachandran, Suchitra
AA(Texas, University, Austin)
Astrophysical Journal, Part 1 (ISSN 0004-637X), vol. 354, May 1, 1990, p. 310-332. (ApJ Homepage)
Publication Date:
NASA/STI Keywords:
Abundance, F Stars, Lithium, Main Sequence Stars, Stellar Rotation, Hertzsprung-Russell Diagram, Metallicity, Spectral Line Width, Stellar Atmospheres, Stellar Envelopes, Stellar Temperature
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Lithium abundances were measured in nearly 200 old disk-population F stars to examine the effects of rotational braking on the depletion of Li. The sample was selected to be slightly evolved off the main sequence so that the stars have completed all the Li depletion they will undergo on the main sequence. A large scatter in Li abundances in the late F stars is found, indicating that the Li depletion is not related to age and spectral type alone. Conventional depletion mechanisms like convective overshoot and microscopic diffusion are unable to explain Li depletion in F stars with thin convective envelopes and are doubly taxed to explain such a scatter. No correlation is found between Li abundance and the present projected rotational velocity and some of the most rapid rotators are undepleted, ruling out meridional circulation as the cause of Li depletion. There is a somewhat larger spread in Li abundances in the spun-down late F stars compared to the early F stars which should remain rotationally unaltered on the main sequence.

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