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Molecular clouds in the Carina arm - The largest objects, associated regions of star formation, and the Carina arm in the Galaxy
Grabelsky, D. A.; Cohen, R. S.; Bronfman, L.; Thaddeus, P.
AA(Columbia University, New York), AB(Columbia University, New York), AC(Columbia University, New York; Universidad de Chile, Santiago), AD(NASA, Goddard Institute for Space Studies; Columbia University, New York; Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, MA)
Astrophysical Journal, Part 1 (ISSN 0004-637X), vol. 331, Aug. 1, 1988, p. 181-196. (ApJ Homepage)
Publication Date:
NASA/STI Keywords:
Astronomical Catalogs, Galactic Structure, Interstellar Gas, Milky Way Galaxy, Molecular Clouds, Star Formation, H I Regions, Line Spectra, Sky Surveys (Astronomy)
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The Columbia CO survey of the southern Galactic plane is used to identify giant molecular clouds and cloud complexes in the Vela-Carina-Centaurus section of the Galaxy. Twenty-seven giant molecular clouds between l = 270 and 300 deg are catalogued and their heliocentric distances given. In addition, 16 clouds at l greater than 300 deg beyond the solar circle extend the catalog to include the very distant portion of the Carina arm. The most massive clouds in the catalog trace the Carina arm over 23 kpc in the plane of the Galaxy. The average mass of these objects is 1.4 x 10 to the 6th solar, and their average spacing along the arm is 700 pc. The composite distribution projected onto the Galactic plane of the largest molecular clouds in the Carina arm and of similarly massive clouds in the first and second quadrants strongly suggests that the Carina and Sagittarius arms form a single spiral arm about 40 kpc in length wrapping two-thirds of the way around the Galaxy. Descriptions of each cloud, including identification of associated star-forming regions, are presented in an appendix.

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