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The optical spectrum of HDE 226868 = Cygnus X-1. II Spectrophotometry and mass estimates.
Gies, D. R.; Bolton, C. T.
AA(David Dunlap Observatory, Richmond Hill, Canada), AB(David Dunlap Observatory, Richmond Hill, Canada)
Astrophysical Journal, Part 1 (ISSN 0004-637X), vol. 304, May 1, 1986, p. 371-393. Research supported by the National Research Council of Canada and NSERC. (ApJ Homepage)
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NASA/STI Keywords:
Mass To Light Ratios, Stellar Mass, Stellar Spectrophotometry, X Ray Binaries, Absorption Spectra, Cygnus Constellation, Light Curve, Signal To Noise Ratios, Spectral Line Width, Stellar Luminosity
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In part I of this series, Gies and Bolton (1982) have presented the results of radial velocity measures of 78 high-dispersion spectrograms of HDE 226868 = Cyg X-1. For the present study, 55 of the best plates considered by Gies and Bolton were selected to form 10 average spectra. An overall mean spectrum with S/N ratio = 300 was formed by coadding the 10 averaged spectra. There is no evidence for statistically significant variations of the spectral type about the mean value of 09.7 Iab, and all the absorption line strengths are normal for the spectral type. Evidence is presented that the He II lambda 4846 emission line is formed in the stellar wind above the substellar point on the visible star. Probable values regarding the mass for the visible star and its companion are 33 and 16 solar masses, respectively. Theoretical He II lambda 4686 emission line profiles are computed for the focused stellar wind model for the Cyg X-1 system considered by Friend and Castor (1982).

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