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Chromospheric H-alpha emission in F8-G3 dwarfs, and its connection with the T Tauri stars
Herbig, G. H.
AA(Lick Observatory, Santa Cruz, CA)
Astrophysical Journal, Part 1 (ISSN 0004-637X), vol. 289, Feb. 1, 1985, p. 269-278. (ApJ Homepage)
Publication Date:
NASA/STI Keywords:
Chromosphere, H Alpha Line, Pre-Main Sequence Stars, Stellar Spectrophotometry, T Tauri Stars, Calcium, Dwarf Stars, Focal Plane Devices, Star Clusters
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A chromospheric H-alpha emission core is measured in 40 stars of types F8-G3 V on the basis of observations obtained with dispersion 1.6 nm/mm, resolution 74 pm, and S/N 200-350 using a coude spectrograph on the 2.05-m reflector and a single-array 1872-channel Reticon in the focal plane of the 1-m camera at Lick Observatory on six nights during December, 1982 - June, 1983. An emission spike of about 100 pm, corresponding to surface flux 1.4 Merg/sq cm sec, is detected in the most active stars by subtracting the spectrum of the reference star Beta CVn. The data are presented in tables and graphs along with corresponding Ca II H, K data from Mount Wilson and analyzed in detail. It is found that main-sequence H-alpha surface-flux decay can be described by either a power law with exponent -0.4 and rms scatter factor 1.5 or an exponential relation with e-folding time 3-5 Gyr. Although extrapolation of the power law to very young stars correctly predicts the H-alpha fluxes of the T Tau stars, important differences (suggesting a different emission mechanism) are shown to make such extrapolation invalid.

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