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The rotational spectra of HOCO/plus/, HOCN, HN3, and HNCO from quantum mechanical calculations
Defrees, D. J.; Loew, G. H.; McLean, A. D.
AA(Molecular Research Institute, Palo Alto, CA), AB(Molecular Research Institute, Palo Alto, CA), AC(IBM Research Laboratory, San Jose, CA)
Astrophysical Journal, Part 1, vol. 254, Mar. 1, 1982, p. 405-411. (ApJ Homepage)
Publication Date:
Atomic and Molecular Physics
NASA/STI Keywords:
Hydrazoic Acid, Hydrocyanic Acid, Interstellar Gas, Molecular Spectra, Quantum Mechanics, Rotational Spectra, Carbon Dioxide, Microwave Spectra, Molecular Clouds, Molecular Orbitals
Bibliographic Code:


Ab initio molecular orbital theory has been used to determine the equilibrium geometries, rotational constants, and rotational spectra of four isoelectronic molecules. Two of these, HOCO(plus) and HOCN, are candidate interstellar molecules. The other two, HNCO and HN3, have known rotational constants. Theoretical rotational constants and spectra for the two unknown species were corrected with the mean experimental to theoretical ratios from the two known species. This procedure resulted in predicted frequencies of 83.75 plus or minus 0.2 GHz for the 4(04) to 3(03) transition in HOCN and 85.08 plus or minus 0.2 GHz for the same transition in HOCO(plus). These are the central lines of triplets whose other members are the 4(14) to 3(13) and 4(13) to 3(12) transitions. The triplet splittings were predicted to be 0.36 plus or minus 0.01 GHz for HOCN and 0.33 plus or minus 0.01 GHz for HOCO(plus). These results indicate that HOCO(plus) is a better candidate for the source of a series of lines reported by Thaddeus, Guelin, and Linke than is HOCN.

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