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Resonant absorption of Alfvenic surface waves and the heating of solar coronal loops
Ionson, J. A.
AA(NASA, Goddard Space Flight Center, Laboratory for Astronomy and Solar Physics, Greenbelt; Maryland, University, College Park, Md.)
Astrophysical Journal, Part 1, vol. 226, Dec. 1, 1978, p. 650-673. (ApJ Homepage)
Publication Date:
Solar Physics
NASA/STI Keywords:
Loops, Magnetohydrodynamic Waves, Plasma Heating, Plasma Resonance, Solar Activity, Solar Corona, Surface Waves, Boundary Layer Flow, Convection, Kinetic Theory, Magnetohydrodynamic Stability, Plasma Temperature, Taylor Instability, Temperature Gradients, Thermal Absorption
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A first-order mass- and energy-balance model is developed for steady-state EUV 'coronal rain' loops that are not associated with postflare events and are often seen over sunspot umbrae. The model disregards variations in a loop's thermodynamic and magnetic properties along magnetic-field lines and yields average properties of the resonant absorption sheath, the boundary layer, and the loop's interior. Both irreversible heating by Alfvenic surface waves and energy transport via induced boundary-layer convection are taken into account in the analysis. Results that include predictions of the temperatures of the sheath and the boundary-layer plasma, the temperature of the interior plasma, the radiative output of the loop, and the filling factor associated with this radiation are given in terms of the period and velocity amplitude of the relevant surface wave as well as various parameters that characterize a typical 'coronal rain' loop. These results are shown to be consistent with the observed minimum and maximum temperatures as well as the radiative output of typical 'coronal rain' loops.

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