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The 3 K blackbody radiation, Dirac's Large Numbers Hypothesis, and scale-covariant cosmology
Canuto, V.; Hsieh, S.-H.
AA(NASA, Goddard Institute for Space Studies; City College, New York, N.Y.), AB(NASA, Goddard Institute for Space Studies, New York, N.Y.)
Astrophysical Journal, Part 1, vol. 224, Sept. 1, 1978, p. 302-307. (ApJ Homepage)
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NASA/STI Keywords:
Atomic Physics, Background Radiation, Black Body Radiation, Cosmology, Einstein Equations, Gravitational Constant, Minkowski Space, Red Shift, Universe
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A program is described which is intended to derive a generalized system of gravitational equations that allow (but do not require) G to vary, to use the 3-K blackbody radiation to fix the relation between G and the gauge function, and to employ Dirac's (1937) Large Numbers Hypothesis to derive the geometry of the universe. Einstein's equations are retained in their total integrity, but the specification is made that they are valid only when gravitational units are used. A scale-invariant form of Einstein's equations is obtained, and from this are derived the energy conservation law, the baryon-number conservation law, and the appropriate cosmological equations. Dirac's proposals of 1937 and 1973 are incorporated into the formalism, and a gauge based on consolidation of the 3-K blackbody radiation is presented. A unique solution for the geometry of the universe is determined for zero curvature solely from the 3-K radiation and the Large Numbers Hypothesis; this solution predicts a deceleration parameter exactly equal to unity.

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