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A survey of interstellar H I from L-alpha absorption measurements. II
Bohlin, R. C.; Savage, B. D.; Drake, J. F.
AA(Lockheed Research Laboratories, Palo Alto, Calif.), AB(Lockheed Research Laboratories, Palo Alto, Calif.)
Astrophysical Journal, Part 1, vol. 224, Aug. 15, 1978, p. 132-142. Research supported by the Lockheed Independent Research Program; (ApJ Homepage)
Publication Date:
NASA/STI Keywords:
Hydrogen Clouds, Interstellar Gas, Lyman Alpha Radiation, Molecular Absorption, Ultraviolet Spectra, Abundance, Hydrogen Atoms, Interstellar Extinction, Neutral Particles, Oao 2, Satellite Observation
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This paper presents interstellar H I column densities, mean H I space densities, total neutral hydrogen column densities, and total mean hydrogen space densities toward 100 stars surveyed in the L-alpha region with the U2 detector of the Copernicus satellite. The data for 47 stars are compared with OAO 2 results, and ratios of gas to E(B-V) color excess are computed for 30 'intercloud' stars, 45 'cloud' stars, and the combined sample of 75 stars. A definitive value of 5.8 x 10 to the 21st power atoms/sq cm per mag is obtained for the mean ratio of total neutral hydrogen to color excess, indicating that this ratio seems to be a constant, independent of location in the sky, except possibly toward stars with anomalous extinction. The anomalous ratio determined for Rho Oph is examined, and the galactic distribution of neutral hydrogen is evaluated. The following values are estimated for matter in the galactic plane within 500 pc of the sun: a total mean hydrogen space density of 1.15 atoms/cu cm, a mean H2 space density of 0.143 molecule/cu cm (possibly a lower limit), and a mean H I space density of 0.86 atom/cu cm (a possible overestimate).

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