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Title:
Scientific Goals of the Kunlun Infrared Sky Survey (KISS)
Authors:
Burton, Michael G.; Zheng, Jessica; Mould, Jeremy; Cooke, Jeff; Ireland, Michael; Uddin, Syed Ashraf; Zhang, Hui; Yuan, Xiangyan; Lawrence, Jon; Ashley, Michael C. B.; Wu, Xuefeng; Curtin, Chris; Wang, Lifan
Affiliation:
AA(School of Physics, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia; Armagh Observatory and Planetarium, College Hill, Armagh, BT61 9DG, Northern Ireland, UK), AB(Australian Astronomical Observatory, 105 Delhi Road, North Ryde, NSW 2113, Australia), AC(Centre for Astrophysics and Supercomputing, Swinburne University of Technology, PO Box 218, Mail Number H29, Hawthorn, VIC 3122, Australia; ARC Centre of Excellence for All-sky Astrophysics (CAASTRO), Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia), AD(Centre for Astrophysics and Supercomputing, Swinburne University of Technology, PO Box 218, Mail Number H29, Hawthorn, VIC 3122, Australia; ARC Centre of Excellence for All-sky Astrophysics (CAASTRO), Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia), AE(Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 2611, Australia), AF(Purple Mountain Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 2 West Beijing Road, Nanjing 210008, China), AG(School of Astronomy and Space Science, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210008, China), AH(Nanjing Institute of Astronomical Optics & Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 188 Bancang Street, Nanjing 210042, China), AI(Australian Astronomical Observatory, 105 Delhi Road, North Ryde, NSW 2113, Australia), AJ(School of Physics, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia), AK(Purple Mountain Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 2 West Beijing Road, Nanjing 210008, China), AL(Centre for Astrophysics and Supercomputing, Swinburne University of Technology, PO Box 218, Mail Number H29, Hawthorn, VIC 3122, Australia), AM(Purple Mountain Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 2 West Beijing Road, Nanjing 210008, China; Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas 77843, USA)
Publication:
Publications of the Astronomical Society of Australia, Volume 33, id.e047 18 pp. (PASA Homepage)
Publication Date:
09/2016
Origin:
CUP
Astronomy Keywords:
telescopes, surveys, infrared: general, stars: variable: general, stars: imaging, supernovae: general
Abstract Copyright:
2016: Astronomical Society of Australia
DOI:
10.1017/pasa.2016.38
Bibliographic Code:
2016PASA...33...47B

Abstract

The high Antarctic plateau provides exceptional conditions for infrared observations on account of the cold, dry and stable atmosphere above the ice surface. This paper describes the scientific goals behind the first program to examine the time-varying universe in the infrared from Antarctica - the Kunlun Infrared Sky Survey (KISS). This will employ a 50cm telescope to monitor the southern skies in the 2.4mumK dark window from China's Kunlun station at Dome A, on the summit of the Antarctic plateau, through the uninterrupted 4-month period of winter darkness. An earlier paper discussed optimisation of the K dark filter for sensitivity (Li et al. 2016). This paper examines the scientific program for KISS. We calculate the sensitivity of the camera for the extrema of observing conditions that will be encountered. We present the parameters for sample surveys that could then be carried out for a range of cadences and sensitivities. We then discuss several science programs that could be conducted with these capabilities, involving star formation, brown dwarfs and hot Jupiters, exoplanets around M dwarfs, the terminal phases of stellar evolution, fast transients, embedded supernova searches, reverberation mapping of AGN, gamma ray bursts and the detection of the cosmic infrared background.
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