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Star cluster dynamics in galaxies
Bekki, Kenji
AA(School of Physics, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, 2052, Australia )
Star clusters: basic galactic building blocks throughout time and space, Proceedings of the International Astronomical Union, IAU Symposium, Volume 266, p. 219-230
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globular clusters: general, open clusters and associations: general, galaxies: formation, galaxies: evolution
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I present a review of star cluster (SC) dynamics in galaxies, with special emphasis on the effects of global galactic dynamics on SC formation and evolution. I particularly discuss (i) dynamical friction processes affecting SCs in galaxies of different masses, (ii) formation of stellar galactic nuclei and massive globular clusters (GCs) through multiple merging of SCs, (iii) interactions between giant molecular clouds (GMCs) and SCs, (iv) SC destruction due to the strong tidal fields in galaxy mergers and (v) the formation of low-mass dwarfs from numerous SCs. I also discuss some recent observational results on SC mass functions in dwarf galaxies and physical properties of GC systems in luminous galaxies based on recent results of numerical simulations of SC dynamics in galaxies.

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arXiv e-prints