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Title:
Turbulence Heating ObserveR - satellite mission proposal
Authors:
Vaivads, A.; Retinò, A.; Soucek, J.; Khotyaintsev, Yu. V.; Valentini, F.; Escoubet, C. P.; Alexandrova, O.; André, M.; Bale, S. D.; Balikhin, M.; Burgess, D.; Camporeale, E.; Caprioli, D.; Chen, C. H. K.; Clacey, E.; Cully, C. M.; de Keyser, J.; Eastwood, J. P.; Fazakerley, A. N.; Eriksson, S.; Goldstein, M. L.; Graham, D. B.; Haaland, S.; Hoshino, M.; Ji, H.; Karimabadi, H.; Kucharek, H.; Lavraud, B.; Marcucci, F.; Matthaeus, W. H.; Moore, T. E.; Nakamura, R.; Narita, Y.; Nemecek, Z.; Norgren, C.; Opgenoorth, H.; Palmroth, M.; Perrone, D.; Pinçon, J.-L.; Rathsman, P.; Rothkaehl, H.; Sahraoui, F.; Servidio, S.; Sorriso-Valvo, L.; Vainio, R.; Vörös, Z.; Wimmer-Schweingruber, R. F.
Affiliation:
AA(Swedish Institute of Space Physics, Uppsala, 75121, Sweden), AB(Laboratoire de Physique des Plasmas, Ecole Polytechnique, Palaiseau, F-91128, France), AC(Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Czech Academy of Sciences, Praha, CZ-14131, Czech Republic), AD(Swedish Institute of Space Physics, Uppsala, 75121, Sweden), AE(Dipartimento di Fisica, Università della Calabria, Rende (CS), I-87036, Italy), AF(ESTEC, European Space Agency, 2200 AG Noordwijk, Netherlands), AG(LESIA, Observatoire de Paris, 92190 Meudon, France), AH(Swedish Institute of Space Physics, Uppsala, 75121, Sweden), AI(Physics Department, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA), AJ(Department of Automatic Control and Systems Engineering, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK), AK(School of Physics and Astronomy, Queen Mary University of London, London E1 4NS, UK), AL(Center for Mathematics and Computer Science (CWI), 1090 GB Amsterdam, Netherlands), AM(Department of Astrophysical Sciences, Princeton University, Ivy Lane, Princeton, NJ 08540, USA), AN(Department of Physics, Imperial College London, London SW7 2AZ, UK), AO(OHB Sweden, 164 40 Kista, Sweden), AP(Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada), AQ(Space Physics Division, Belgian Institute for Space Aeronomy, Brussels, Belgium), AR(Department of Physics, Imperial College London, London SW7 2AZ, UK), AS(Mullard Space Science Laboratory, University College London, Holmbury St. Mary, Dorking, Surrey, RH5 6NT, UK), AT(Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO, USA), AU(NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland, MD 20771, USA), AV(Swedish Institute of Space Physics, Uppsala, 75121, Sweden), AW(Max-Planck-Institut für Sonnensystemforschung, 37077 Göttingen, Germany), AX(Department of Earth and Planetary Science, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan), AY(Department of Astrophysical Sciences and Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA), AZ(SciberQuest, Del Mar, CA 92014, USA), BA(Institute for the Study of Earth, Oceans, and Space, University of New Hampshire, NH 03824-3525, USA), BB(Institut de Recherche en Astrophysique et Planétologie, Université de Toulouse, France), BC(INAF/IAPS, Rome, Italy), BD(Department of Physics and Astronomy, Bartol Research Institute, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19716, USA), BE(NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland, MD 20771, USA), BF(Space Research Institute, Austrian Academy of Sciences, Graz, Austria), BG(Space Research Institute, Austrian Academy of Sciences, Graz, Austria), BH(Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, Charles University, Prague 18000, Czech Republic), BI(Swedish Institute of Space Physics, Uppsala, 75121, Sweden), BJ(Swedish Institute of Space Physics, Uppsala, 75121, Sweden), BK(Earth Observation Unit, Finnish Meteorological Institute, Helsinki, Finland), BL(European Space Agency, Science and Robotic Exploration Directorate, ESAC, Madrid, Spain), BM(LPC2E/CNRS, Laboratoire de Physique et Chimie de l'Environnement et de l'Espace, Orléans, France), BN(OHB Sweden, 164 40 Kista, Sweden), BO(Space Research Centre, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw, Poland), BP(Laboratoire de Physique des Plasmas, Ecole Polytechnique, Palaiseau, F-91128, France), BQ(Dipartimento di Fisica, Università della Calabria, Rende (CS), I-87036, Italy), BR(Nanotec/CNR, U.O.S. LICRYL di Cosenza, Ponte P. Bucci, Cubo 31C, I-87036 Rende, CS, Italy), BS(Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Turku, Turku, FI-20014, Finland), BT(Space Research Institute, Austrian Academy of Sciences, Graz, Austria), BU(Institute of Experimental and Applied Physics, Christian-Albrechts-University, Kiel, Germany)
Publication:
Journal of Plasma Physics, Volume 82, Issue 5, article id. 905820501, 16 pp.
Publication Date:
10/2016
Origin:
CUP
Keywords:
plasma heating, plasma properties, space plasma physics,
Abstract Copyright:
(c) 2016: © Cambridge University Press 2016 This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution licence (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
DOI:
10.1017/S0022377816000775
Bibliographic Code:
2016JPlPh..82e9001V

Abstract

The Universe is permeated by hot, turbulent, magnetized plasmas. Turbulent plasma is a major constituent of active galactic nuclei, supernova remnants, the intergalactic and interstellar medium, the solar corona, the solar wind and the Earth's magnetosphere, just to mention a few examples. Energy dissipation of turbulent fluctuations plays a key role in plasma heating and energization, yet we still do not understand the underlying physical mechanisms involved. THOR is a mission designed to answer the questions of how turbulent plasma is heated and particles accelerated, how the dissipated energy is partitioned and how dissipation operates in different regimes of turbulence. THOR is a single-spacecraft mission with an orbit tuned to maximize data return from regions in near-Earth space - magnetosheath, shock, foreshock and pristine solar wind - featuring different kinds of turbulence. Here we summarize the THOR proposal submitted on 15 January 2015 to the `Call for a Medium-size mission opportunity in ESAs Science Programme for a launch in 2025 (M4)'. THOR has been selected by European Space Agency (ESA) for the study phase.
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