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Title:
The Formation of Mars: Building Blocks and Accretion Time Scale
Authors:
Brasser, Ramon
Affiliation:
AA(Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Academia Sinica)
Publication:
Space Science Reviews, Volume 174, Issue 1-4, pp. 11-25 (SSRv Homepage)
Publication Date:
01/2013
Origin:
SPRINGER
Keywords:
Mars, Formation, Origin
Abstract Copyright:
(c) 2013: Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
DOI:
10.1007/s11214-012-9904-2
Bibliographic Code:
2013SSRv..174...11B

Abstract

In this review paper I address the current knowledge of the formation of Mars, focusing on its primary constituents, its formation time scale and its small mass compared to Earth and Venus. I argue that the small mass of Mars requires the terrestrial planets to have formed from a narrow annulus of material, rather than a disc extending to Jupiter. The truncation of the outer edge of the disc was most likely the result of giant planet migration, which kept Mars' mass small. From cosmochemical constraints it is argued that Mars formed in a couple of million years and is essentially a planetary embryo that never grew to a full-fledged planet. This is in agreement with the latest dynamical models. Most of Mars' building blocks consists of material that formed in the 2 AU to 3 AU region, and is thus more water-rich than that accreted by Earth and Venus. The putative Mars could have consisted of 0.1 % to 0.2 % by mass of water.
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Database: Astronomy
Physics
arXiv e-prints