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Effects of Stratification and Flows on P 1/ P 2 Ratios and Anti-node Shifts Within Closed Loop Structures
Erdélyi, R.; Hague, A.; Nelson, C. J.
AA(Solar Physics and Space Plasma Research Center, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK), AB(Solar Physics and Space Plasma Research Center, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK), AC(Solar Physics and Space Plasma Research Center, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK; Armagh Observatory, Armagh, UK)
Solar Physics, Volume 289, Issue 1, pp.167-182 (SoPh Homepage)
Publication Date:
Oscillations, solar, Waves, magnetohydrodynamic, Waves, propagation
Abstract Copyright:
(c) 2014: Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht
Bibliographic Code:


The solar atmosphere is a dynamic environment, constantly evolving to form a wide range of magnetically dominated structures (coronal loops, spicules, prominences, etc.) which cover a significant percentage of the surface at any one time. Oscillations and waves in many of these structures are now widely observed and have led to the new analytic technique of solar magneto-seismology, where inferences of the background conditions of the plasma can be deduced by studying magneto-hydrodynamic (MHD) waves. Here, we generalise a novel magneto-seismological method designed to infer the density distribution of a bounded plasma structure from the relationship of its fundamental and subsequent harmonics. Observations of the solar atmosphere have emphatically shown that stratification, leading to complex density profiles within plasma structures, is common thereby rendering this work instantly accessible to solar physics. We show, in a dynamic waveguide, how the period ratio differs from the idealised harmonic ratios prevalent in homogeneous structures. These ratios show strong agreement with recent observational work. Next, anti-node shifts are also analysed. Using typical scaling parameters for bulk flows within atmospheric waveguides, e.g., coronal loops, it is found that significant anti-node shifts can be predicted, even to the order of 10 Mm. It would be highly encouraged to design specific observations to confirm the predicted anti-node shifts and apply the developed theory of solar magneto-seismology to gain more accurate waveguide diagnostics of the solar atmosphere.
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