When retrieving a document from the ADS article server for printing, please make sure that the software and hardware on your system are capable of handling the selected format. It is your responsibility to make sure that the data sent to the printer is correctly transmitted and interpreted.
When an article is selected for viewing from the ADS article server,
our software sets the document MIME type to match the format you have
selected. For instance, if you are downloading a PDF file, the
document's MIME type will be
browser will detect this MIME type and will run the application that
has been configured to handle it (e.g. Acrobat Reader). For the
most part, downloading documents for the purpose of viewing them prior
to printing should work seamlessly once the appropriate helper
applications have been installed. The section named Document Formats below describes the different file
formats available from the article server and which software
applications can be used to display them.
When an article is selected for printing from the ADS article server,
the document will be returned with a particular MIME type
application/remote-printing), irrespective of what
article format was selected. By default,
your browser will not be configured to take any action on documents
of this type, and it will prompt you instead asking what should be
done with the article being downloaded. The options available to you
are usually to either save the document to a local file or
open it with one of the applications available on your system.
Either way, you will have to make your choice before the article
downloading commences. The section named Printing
Documents below describes how to automate the process of
downloading and sending files to your local printer.
If you find problems with the setup described in this document, please make sure to also check the Troubleshooting section for suggestions. Feel free to send us your comments and questions if your problem persists.
PDF (Portable Document Format) is a popular document description language developed by Adobe Systems. Unless a PDF viewer is already provided on your system, you will need to install and properly configure a helper program in order to be able to display and print PDF files. While this may sound like a limitation of PDF, the fact that viewers and printer drivers exist for all popular platforms make this a very portable format. Furthermore, because of the advanced compression schemes and binary support built into PDF, documents in this format will yield the highest compression.
The PostScript page description language was also developed by Adobe Systems, and can be considered a precursor to PDF in many respects. The advantage that Postscript files have over PDF is that most department-size printers today are capable of printing postscript files quite efficiently, so there is no need for an external viewer or printer drivers when hardcopy output is desired. These files should successfully print on any of the modern printers supporting the Adobe PostScript level 2 language features, but some problems have been observed with print engines that don't use the Adobe PostScript interpreter. Postscript level 2 supports the same compression schemes that are used in PDF files, but since it requires ASCII rather than binary encoding of the image data, these files are approximately 20% bigger than their corresponding PDF files.
PCL is a low-level page description language understood by most of the printers available nowadays. The PCL documents produced by our article server abide by the PCL3 language specification as developed by Hewlett Packard. PCL files should successfully print on a variety of both low-end inkjet printers (such as the HP deskjets and compatibles) as well as the higher-end laser printers (such as the HP laserjets 4/5/6 series and compatibles).
Documents delivered as PCL files are internally compressed, but not as efficiently as in the case of PDF and Postscript level 2. Therefore, when downloading files in this format, we reccommend you enable the option to compress the file using gzip when retrieving it.
Please note that due to the lack of internal compression in postscript level 1, documents in this format will tend to be quite large and print very slowly, so we urge people to avoid using this format if at all possible, and instead select a more efficient format such as PDF, coupled with a proper viewing/printing application.
Selecting the ``Save to file'' option in the menu above will cause all article documents dowloaded from our site to be saved to disk first. You can then view them or print them using the appropriate program depending on the document format as explained in the section ``Document Formats'' above. Alternatively, you may choose to have a helper application execute automatically when a document of this MIME type is downloaded. In this case, you should select ``Application'' from the above menu and then fill in the proper command depending on the computer platform you are using. This command typically is a procedure that feeds the data downloaded from our server to your local printing command, and in general depends on the operating system of your computer. Some examples of popular operating systems and relative printing applications are:Description: Remote Printing MIME Type: application/remote-printing File extension: .prn Application: (select OS-specific application or select "Save to File")
lp -c %s
application/remote-printing? See details under Document Printing above.
BINPRINT.BAT(described in the additional options section) as your printing application, make sure that the version reported by the system is
4.00.950aor higher. Earlier versions of Windows95 have problems seeing DOS printer devices and this will cause the printing to fail. Microsoft offers a free service pack that upgrades earlier versions of Windows95 and fixes the problem. To see what version of Windows you're running, open the "System" icon in the Control Panel folder and look at the settings displayed under "General."
.gz. Try renaming the file to
whatever.gz, then uncompress it, and then view/print the resulting file.
Last updated: 26 June 2000